NCBI Bookshelf. The female sex organs make it possible for women to become pregnant and give birth to children. But they have other important jobs, too: They produce hormones, control the process of girls maturing into grown women, and make sex and sexual pleasure possible.
The male sexual organs include the penis, testicles and prostate gland. The penis is partly inside and partly outside the body. These include skin, muscle, blood vessels and nerves.
Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive. In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes pronounced: GAH-meetzare involved.
Ambiguous genitalia is a rare condition in which an infant's external genitals don't appear to be clearly either male or female. In a baby with ambiguous genitalia, the genitals may be incompletely developed or the baby may have characteristics of both sexes. The external sex organs may not match the internal sex organs or genetic sex. Ambiguous genitalia isn't a disease, it's a disorder of sex development.
The external genital organs include the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, Bartholin glands, and clitoris. The area containing these organs is called the vulva. Protecting the internal genital organs from infectious organisms.
After looking at several of the organ systems within the human body in overview in Chapter 2, the next three chapters will now look at some of these systems in more detail. This chapter on "Human reproduction" starts off by looking at the purpose of reproduction and how humans mature during puberty in order to be able to reproduce. This will be very relevant to your learners as they are in this stage in their lives at the moment.
The reproductive system is necessary for the production of new living organisms. The reproductive system is comprised of male and female reproductive organs and structures. Both male and female reproductive organs have internal and external structures.
Embryos with XY chromosomes become boys, and those with XX chromosomes become girls. That means that all our sex organs come from the same foundations: The testes in men are equivalent to labia and ovaries in women, and the penis is the equivalent of the clitoris. At around week 7the Y chromosome signals for the start of testosterone production, and male genitalia begin to develop.